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Research

We are committed to creating, testing, and transferring ideas that have practical value and powerful impact.  This section lists selected research-oriented readings by Action Design partners and others.  Some are available on this site.

We also offer chapter by chapter downloads of the book Action Science, which Action Design partners Robert Putnam and Diana McLain Smith co-authored with Chris Argyris in 1985.

Action science is a research approach for creating knowledge people can use to improve practice.  It combines educating practitioners and intervening in organizations with generating knowledge.